[38] Also a potential danger to the infrastructure and architecture of the city is the presence of multiple openings underground. Odessa will become one of five Ukrainian cities to host the 39th European Basketball Championship in 2015. As one of the biggest on the Black Sea, Odessa's port is busy all year round. This location is classified as Cfb by Köppen and Geiger. Russian conquest of Sanjak of Özi (Ochacov Oblast), Renaming of the settlement and establishment of sea port, Historical ethnic and national composition. Odessa is situated (46°28′N 30°44′E / 46.467°N 30.733°E ) on terraced hills overlooking a small harbor on the Black Sea in the Gulf of Odessa, approximately 31 km (19 mi) north of the estuary of the Dniester river and some 443 km (275 mi) south of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv. During the 19th century, Odessa was the fourth largest city of Imperial Russia, after Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Warsaw. When Felix decided that he was no longer able to provide enough money for the garden's upkeep, he decided to present it to the people of Odessa. )[7], The city was named in compliance with the Greek Plan of Catherine the Great. Odessa was the site of a large Greek settlement no later than the middle of the 6th century BC (a necropolis from the 5th–3rd centuries BC has long been known in this area). Imexbank, one of Ukraine's largest commercial banks, was based in the city, however on May 27, 2015, the Deposit Guarantee Fund of Ukraine made a decision to liquidate the bank. Among the city's public sculptures, two sets of Medici lions can be noted, at the Vorontsov Palace[64] as well as the Starosinnyi Garden.[65]. Be prepared with the most accurate 10-day forecast for Odessa, Odessa, Ukraine with highs, lows, chance of precipitation from The Weather Channel and Weather.com Shkiryak said that he suspected that these cities were singled out because of their "geographic position". He is best known for winning season six of X-Factor Ukraine and for representing Ukraine in the Eurovision Song Contest 2018, singing the song "Under the Ladder". [42], A 2015 study by the International Republican Institute found that 68% of Odessa was ethnic Ukrainian, and 25% ethnic Russian. Station Data. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Key areas of business include: retail, wholesale, catering, production, construction and development, private label. Odessa is a major maritime-transport hub that includes several ports including Port of Odessa, Port of Chornomorsk (ferry, freight), Yuzhne (freight only). Current population is 1,017,699 (2020 est. Odessa Weather Forecasts. Mechnikov' National University, Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, List of twin towns and sister cities in Ukraine, List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ukraine, Trukhanov officially won the mayoral election in Odessa, Ukrainian local elections: City-by-city guide to this weekend’s runoff votes, "Who's Behind A String Of Bombings In Ukraine's Black Sea 'Pearl'? ODESSA UKRAINE WEATHER. The first opera house was opened in 1810 and destroyed by fire in 1873. How warm is the sea near Odessa? Chornomorets play their home games at the Chornomorets Stadium, an elite-class stadium which has a maximum capacity of 34,164. Richelieu is commemorated by a bronze statue, unveiled in 1828 to a design by Ivan Martos. Its cosmopolitan nature was documented by the great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin, who lived in internal exile in Odessa between 1823 and 1824. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 84°F and is rarely below 8°F or above 92°F. It has also produced many musicians, including the violinists Nathan Milstein, David Oistrakh and Igor Oistrakh, Boris Goldstein, Zakhar Bron and pianists Sviatoslav Richter, Benno Moiseiwitsch, Vladimir de Pachmann, Shura Cherkassky, Emil Gilels, Maria Grinberg, Simon Barere, Leo Podolsky and Yakov Zak. Odessa oblast is also home to a number of other nationalities and minority ethnic groups, including Albanians, Armenians, Azeris, Crimean Tatars, Bulgarians, Georgians, Greeks, Jews, Poles, Romanians, Turks, among others. The most popular Russian show business people from Odessa are Yakov Smirnoff (comedian), Mikhail Zhvanetsky (legendary humorist writer, who began his career as a port engineer) and Roman Kartsev (comedian Карцев, Роман Андреевич [ru]). A more recent Tatar settlement was also founded at the location by Hacı I Giray, the Khan of Crimea in 1440 that was named after him as Hacibey (or Khadjibey). Travel guide and advices. During the 1960s and 1970s, the city grew. The tradition has been celebrated since the early 1970s, when the humor of Ukraine’s citizens were drawn to television and the media, further developing into a mass festival. [30], Postage stamp of the USSR 1965 “Hero-City Odessa 1941-1945”, Obverse of the Soviet campaign medal "For the Defence of Odessa", Reverse of the Soviet campaign medal "For the Defence of Odessa"; inscription reads “For our Soviet homeland”. [12] In 1801 in Odessa had opened the first commercial bank. Odessa, Ukraine: Annual Weather Averages. There are paintings from Caravaggio, Mignard, Hals, Teniers and Del Piombo. Richelieu played a role during Ottoman plague epidemic which hit Odessa in the autumn 1812. Warm, sunny months for a trip to Odessa. Sources of running water in the city include the Dniester River, from which water is taken and then purified at a processing plant just outside the city. Справочник статистических показателей", "Данные Всесоюзной переписи населения 1926 года по регионам республик СССР", "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1939 года. Figure skaters Oksana Grishuk and Evgeny Platov won the 1994 and 1998 Olympic gold medals as well as the 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997 World Championships in ice dance. Odessa also has a well-developed IT industry with large number of IT outsourcing companies and IT product startups. Both were born and raised in the city, though they skated at first for the Soviet Union, in the Unified Team, the Commonwealth of Independent States, and then Russia. Summers on the other hand do see an increased level of precipitation, and the city often experiences warm weather with temperatures often reaching into the high 20s and low 30s. Odessa's largest park, Shevchenko Park (previously Alexander Park), was founded in 1875, during a visit to the city by Emperor Alexander II. The first city plan was designed by the engineer F. Devollan in the late 18th century. [27], The city suffered severe damage and sustained many casualties over the course of the war. The M14 is of particular importance to Odessa's maritime and shipbuilding industries as it links the city with Ukraine's other large deep water port Mariupol which is located in the south east of the country. The actual massacre took place in streets nearby, not on the steps themselves, but the film caused many to visit Odessa to see the site of the "slaughter". Rail transport is another important sector of the economy in Odessa – largely due to the role it plays in delivering goods and imports to and from the city's port. The city has seen violence in the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine during 2014 Odessa clashes. The wettest month is September with an average of 60mm of rain. During the reign of Khan Hacı I Giray of Crimea (1441–1466), the Khanate was endangered by the Golden Horde and the Ottoman Turks and, in search of allies, the khan agreed to cede the area to Lithuania. Yaakov Dori, the first Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces, and President of the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, was born in Odessa, as was Israel Dostrovsky, Israeli physical chemist who was the fifth president of the Weizmann Institute of Science. [85] The funicular has now become as much a part of historic Odessa as the staircase to which it runs parallel. [6] Colonists of various ethnicities settled mainly in the area of the former colony, outside of the official boundaries, and as a consequence, in the first third of the 19th century, Moldavanka emerged as the dominant settlement. Find the most current and reliable 14 day weather forecasts, storm alerts, reports and information for Odessa, UA with The Weather Network. ), Dnistryansky, М.S. The September weather guide for Odessa, Ukraine shows long term weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute.Find out more about our data sources. Annual Weather Averages Near Odesa. Another notable port, Chornomorsk, is located in the same oblast, to the south-west of Odessa. 4-power scope. 20°C sea temperature; Recommended for Ukraine. Tavria-V is the most popular retail chain in Odessa. [citation needed]. The newly acquired Ochakov Oblast was promised to the Cossacks by the Russian government for resettlement. This is largely because the higher winter temperatures and coastal location of Odessa prevent significant snowfall. The average annual temperature in Odessa is 10.2 °C | 50.4 °F. Some local historians consider that the settlement predates Odessa by about thirty years and assert that the locality was founded by Moldavians who came to build the fortress of Yeni Dunia for the Ottomans and eventually settled in the area in the late 1760s, right next to the settlement of Khadjibey (since 1795 Odessa proper), on what later became the Primorsky Boulevard. What is the weather like in April in Odessa? Pavlichenko's confirmed kills during World War II totaled 309 (including 36 enemy snipers). These establishments, however, typically charge much higher fees than government-owned establishments and may not have held the same level of official accreditation as their state-run peers. There are two routes of public transport which connect Odessa Airport with the city center: trolley-bus №14 and marshrutka №117.[84]. The Odessan Jew in the jokes always "came out clean" and was, in the end, a lovable character – unlike some of other jocular nation stereotypes such as The Chukcha, The Ukrainian, The Estonian or The American.[67]. As a result, despite the events of 1941, the survival of the Jewish population in this area was higher than in other areas of occupied eastern Europe. Practical joking is a central theme throughout, and Odessans dress in unique, colorful attire to express their spontaneous and comedic selves. Certificate "For taking part in the heroic defense of Odessa" Logvinov Petr Leontievich was awarded the Medal for the Defense of Odessa. January is the coldest month with daytime temperatures usually around 0°C, but in some cases winter months can be quite colder with temperatures far below zero, about -20°C or lower and strong, cold northeasterly winds, called Bora. Typically, for a total of 4 months – from June to September – the average sea temperature in the Gulf of Odessa and city's bay area exceeds 20 °C (68 °F).[39]. The average elevation at which the city is located is around 50 metres (160 feet), while the maximum is 65 metres (213 feet) and minimum (on the coast) amounts to 4.2 metres (13.8 feet) above sea level. Hennadiy Avdyeyenko won a 1988 Olympic gold medal in thehigh jump, setting an Olympic record at 2.38 metres (7.81 feet). It was one of the first four Soviet cities to be awarded the title of "Hero City" in 1945. Additionally the city hardly ever faces the phenomenon of sea-freezing. [4] After a period of Lithuanian Grand Duchy control, Hacibey and surroundings became part of the domain of the Ottomans in 1529 and remained there until the empire's defeat in the Russo-Turkish War of 1792. Odessa was also the home of the late Armenian painter Sarkis Ordyan (1918–2003), the Ukrainian painter Mickola Vorokhta and the Greek philologist, author and promoter of Demotic Greek Ioannis Psycharis (1854–1929). Most of these schools are state-owned and operated, and all schools have to be state-accredited in order to teach children. In Odessa, the summers are warm and mostly clear and the winters are long, very cold, dry, windy, and partly cloudy. The territory of Odessa is divided into four administrative raions (districts): In addition, every raion has its own administration, subordinate to the Odessa City council, and with limited responsibilities. Temperature of water and air, precipitation, amount of days with rain and advice on the best time to visit Odessa. The city's best-known and most prestigious university is the Odessa 'I.I. Since the 1970s, the majority of the remaining Jewish population emigrated to Israel and other countries, shrinking the Jewish community. During the Russian-Turkish War of 1787–1792,[12] on 25 September 1789, a detachment of the Russian forces, including Zaporozhian Cossacks under Alexander Suvorov and Ivan Gudovich, took Khadjibey and Yeni Dünya for the Russian Empire. [70], Valeria Lukyanova, a girl from Odessa who looks very similar to a Barbie doll, has received attention on the Internet and from the media for her doll-like appearance. What are the 4 seasons of year in Odessa? The amount of rain in August is normal with an average of 34mm (1.3in). [18], In their settlement, also known as Novaya Slobodka, the Moldavians owned relatively small plots on which they built village-style houses and cultivated vineyards and gardens. Electric tramway started to operate on 22 August 1907. Historic, present and future dates for daylight saving time and clock changes. One of the most popular cities in Ukraine is Odessa, which boasts a charming atmosphere and unforgettable color. [60] A similar streetscape can also be found in that of Primorsky Bulvar, a grand thoroughfare which runs along the edge of the plateau upon which the city is situated, and where many of the city's most imposing buildings are to be found. One of the most prominent pre-war Soviet writers, Valentin Kataev, was born here and began his writing career as early as high school (gymnasia). "Ukrainian Municipal Survey, March 2–20, 2015", "Демоскоп Weekly – Приложение. The park covers an area of around 700 by 900 metres (2,300 by 3,000 feet) and is located near the centre of the city, on the side closest to the sea. The Baryatinsky Bulvar is popular for its route, which starts at the park's gate before winding its way along the edge of the coastal plateau. [77] In 2003 this sector recorded a total revenue of 189,2 mln UAH. The community, however, was repeatedly subjected to anti-Semitism and anti-Jewish agitation from almost all Christian segments of the population. 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