A tsunami is a series of very long-wavelength waves in large water bodies like seas or large lakes caused by a major disturbance above or below the water surface or due to the displacement of a large volume of water. Mount Bandai is formed of several overlapping stratovolcanoes, the largest of which is O-Bandai forming a complex volcano. For UPSC 2021 Preparation, follow BYJU'S. Japan, and in particular the big cities along its coast, remain at danger of future tsunamis. Earthquakes, tsunamis, typhoons, and other severe weather cause major damage to human life and society, Japan is considered one of the world's leading disaster areas. At 4:11 a.m. on May 23, 1960, for example, an earthquake off Chile spawned tsunami that hit the Pacific coast of Japan at around 2:20 a.m. the following day. And while the government tries various approaches to limit the potential damage, like building sea walls, the fight against tsunamis continues. They are sometimes referred to as tidal waves because of long wavelengths, although the attractions of the Moon and Sun … One city that is particularly at danger is the city of Kawasaki. Japan is particularly susceptible to earthquakes because it is located within the so-called Pacific Ring of Fire, where many of the world's earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur. Learn more about the causes of earthquakes, p-waves, s-waves, shadow zones. Topics Covered: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc. Download PDF (Free). Tsunami is a Japanese word for “Harbour wave”. Mount Bandai, one of Japan's most noted volcanoes, rises above the north shore of Lake Inawashiro. 3 The growth of coastal populations, for instance, raises important concerns about increased human exposure to coastal flooding, hurricanes, and tsunamis. The 8.9-magnitude earthquake that struck coastal Japan on Friday, devastating large swaths of the coast and spawning a powerful tsunami, was … The tsunami generated in the Indian Ocean in the year 2004 is still considered as the most upsetting tsunami taking more than two hundred thousand lives. Tsunamis are quite rare in occurrence as compared to other natural disasters, but they are equally damaging. … A magnitude-7.0 earthquake struck southern Japan late last week, less than two days after a 6.2-magnitude temblor rocked the same region, triggering tsunami advisories in the area. 2012 — The city of Sendai, Japan, is recognized as a model for urban resilience for its recovery from the earthquake of 2011. For example, researchers argue that in countries such as China, urban earthquakes are more dangerous because of the density of the infrastructure. Why do earthquakes happen in Mizoram? Japan is the country which has recorded the most significant number of tsunamis. 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