On October 2, 2014, at an international conference organized by the Guglielmo Marconi University in Rome, scholars from around the world gathered to further explore the pontificate of Pope Pius XII. Pope Pius XII has been unfairly blamed over the past fifty years for not having denounced Hitler publicly and for his perceived inaction against the Nazis and his failure to help the Jews. Many Jews were able to take refuge in church buildings, including the Pope’s own summer residence, Castel Gondolfo. President Franklin Roosevelt hoped that Pope Pius XII would take a strong stand in favor of the Allies during World War II. That draft of the LaFarge encyclical was never made public. Two Popes served through the Nazi period: Pope Pius XI (1922–1939) and Pope Pius XII (1939–1958). Directed by David Naglieri. Throw in some anti-Semitism in the Catholic hierarchy, Pacelli’s backdoor deal-making with Italy’s dictator Benito Mussolini and Hitler and you start getting evidence that this new pope could have done more. There is another facet to this story: the circumstances surrounding the death of Pope Pius XII in 1958. The process on that has, for now, been placed on hold. Featuring interviews with renowned Holocaust historian Sir Martin Gilbert; the Jesuit historian and postulator Fr. Some of Pope Pacelli’s defenders also voiced scepticism, including Ronald Rychlak, an American law professor, Vatican adviser, and a specialist in the Pius XII controversy. The controversy. Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Pacelli (Pope Pius XII), was born in Rome on March 2, 1876, son of Virginia Graziosi and Filippo Pacelli. Father John LaFarge Jr., an American Jesuit priest, was summoned to Rome in 1938 and directed by Pope Pius XI to draft an encyclical denouncing Nazi Germany and anti-Semitism. The lives of thousands of Jews are in danger. This Castle Films News Parade episode from 1954 tells the story of Pope Pius XII. The Vatican Secret Archives documents on the pontificate of Pope Pius XII are shown Feb. 27. And after the war began, how did the pope respond to the horrors of the Holocaust? Pope Pius XII’s response to the plight of the Jews was to save as many as possible. The city is occupied by the Nazis. Pope Pius XII, Actor: Der veruntreute Himmel. “A large body of literature exists, which suggests and contributes to the erroneous presumption that Pope Pius XII was a virulent anti-Semite who acted only in the interest of Vatican assets. 1h 45min. Use one of the services below to sign in to PBS: You've just tried to add this video to My List. He was an actor, known for Embezzled Heaven (1958), Tu es Pierre (1959) and The Story of the Pope (1942). His play “The Deputy,” about Pope Pius XII and his response to Hitler, elevated documentary theater as an artistic form. Under The Roman Sky Overview. In January this year, the Miami Jewish Film Festival premiered a documentary entitled "Holy Silence" that also questioned whether Pius XII did … The documentary refrains from calling Pius XII “Hitler’s pope” like so many others have done in the past. Slandering a Saint. We learn from the film that Pius XI, who had a heart condition, had grown increasingly alarmed over the treatment of Jews in Germany. LaFarge had done a lot of work helping and working with African-American families in the United States. Background. Pius XI was on the verge of issuing a papal encyclical against Nazi Germany and anti-Semitism at the time of his death in February 1939. It also takes an American approach to the events that transpired across the Atlantic Ocean, including efforts by Catholics in this country to sway the pope to act. Pope Francis has fast-tracked the opening of the Pius XII archives in order to help clear up the debate over the war-time pope, whose process for sainthood has been temporarily halted. The film examines whether Jewish lives would have been saved had … Photo courtesy of the Holy See. The Pope Pius XII was suspected of Nazi collaboration and was called Hitlers Pope. Share this video: Take a fresh look at a topic that has sparked controversy for decades. Some Jews have accused Pius XII, who reigned from 1939 to 1958, of being indifferent to the Holocaust and not speaking out against Hitler. 13+. Historians interviewed for Holy Silence argue that the pope chose not to pick sides, instead hoping not to upset the Nazis. He is the former deputy head of news at the New York Daily News and teaches journalism at The King’s College in New York City. Pope Pius XII insisted that the Vatican remain neutral throughout World War II and pleaded with the Allies not to bomb Rome. Pope Pius XII has been accused in the past of not doing all he could to stop Adolf Hitler and save Jews. The Holy See strongly criticized Nazism through the late 1920s and throughout the 1930s, with Cardinal Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII) being a particularly outspoken critic. "A Hand of Peace: Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust" offers valuable insights and contribution to the robust debate surrounding Pope Pius' wartime record. Coat it with essential oils 2. In fact, … We can remove the first video in the list to add this one. Twistiest of all, on the eve of World War II, an ailing Pope Pius XI seemed ready to issue an encyclical condemning … You've just tried to add this show to My List. Well, it’s complicated. Voila! The film Holy Silence, which premiered on January 21 at the Miami Jewish Film Festival, comes less than two months before the scheduled release of the Vatican Apostolic Archives regarding the pontificate of Pius XII in an effort to provide historical context for 17 million pages that will be released. He brokered the release of some Roman Jews rounded up in 1943, although most were sent to Auschwitz. But not until now, thanks to an extraordinary new book, have we understood what really occurred, and the full extent of the Pope’s activities. Pope Francis has fast-tracked the opening of the Pius XII archives in order to help clear up the debate over the war-time pope, whose process for sainthood has been temporarily halted. Films about them are, anyway. 1954 DOCUMENTARY ABOUT POPE PIUS XII LOURDES FRANCE VATICAN CITY 48014. Based on Vatican documents and personal testimonies used for the beatification of Pope Pius XII, this epic film stars acclaimed actor James Cromwell in a powerful movie about the great, often hidden struggle waged by the Pope and many others with him to save the Jews from the Nazis during WWII. The documentary does give Pius’ critics a chance to voice their opinions, but one is definitely left with a good impression of Pope Pacelli. Pope Pius XII did not protest the deportation of Jews to Auschwitz. In an effort to address the situation, he went around Vatican Secretary of State, then-Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli (and future Pope Pius XII), and enlisted the help of Father John LaFarge, a Jesuit priest and associate editor of America magazine living in the United States, to draft an encyclical to declare that Jews were entitled to equal rights and protections as everyone else. A Compilation of International Evidence Revealing the Wartime Acts of the Vatican Compiled and Edited by Gary L. Krupp (Jewish) Note: The following material is taken from the web site promoting this book. What it does do is tell the story of what happened at the time, giving both sides of the argument equal say, and allows for the viewer to make up their own mind on whether the pope could have done or said more. "Holy Silence," a documentary film from Emmy-nominated director Steven Pressman, takes a fresh look at a topic that has sparked controversy for decades. This is a family very much involved in the juridical offices of the Roman Curia. This is a family very much involved in the juridical offices of the Roman Curia. The lives of thousands of Jews are in danger, and in Vatican City, a neutral state within the borders of Rome, Pope Pius XII is struggling to save the city from hunger and destruction. He … Directed by Christopher Cassel. With Andreas Berg, Arnas Danusas, Michael Deffert, Dan Nachtrab. Born in 1876 in Rome as Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII began his religious life studying philosophy at the Gregorian University. Entitled “Pius XII and the Second World War: Events, News, and Hypotheses from the Archives,” the conference was convened in anticipation of the opening of the Vatican […] A newspaper headline announced the Nazi roundup of Jews in Rome in October 1943. Some Jews have accused Pius XII, who reigned from 1939 to 1958, of being indifferent to the Holocaust and not speaking out against Hitler. The Testament of Pope Pius XII was published immediately after his death. In the Words of Pope Pius XII. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Take a fresh look at a topic that has sparked controversy for decades.MoreMore. Pius XII was pope from 1939 to 1958, years that included World War II. Copyright © 2021 Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), all rights reserved. Before historians and the public can delve into the archive, the film effectively gives historical context to this era, which is back in the news cycle this week since Monday marked the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz. James Cromwell. Pope Pius XII, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church during World War II, learned about the mass murder of Jews early in the war but kept the information a secret in the Vatican. When the archive relating to the pontificate of Pope Pius XI (1922-1939) was opened in 2006, at the request of Pope Benedict XVI, continues the Prefect, “work was already underway for the progressive preparation of the documentary material of Pius XII, which … Image Source: Wikipedia Steps in the embalming of a cadaver: 1. cardinal conclave pope . Pope Pius XII, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church during World War II, learned about the mass murder of Jews early in the war but kept the information a secret in the Vatican. Pope Pius XII was a well know opponent of religious bigotry and ant-Semitisim before he ever became Pope. The public statements of Pope Pius XII on the Holocaust, or lack thereof, are one of the most controversial elements of the historical debate about Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust.Pius XII's statements have been scrutinized as much, if not more, than his actions during the same period. Pope Pius XII, who led the Catholic Church from 1939 to 1958, has long been criticized for his public silence during the Holocaust. Myron Taylor, a wealthy American industrialist, served as President Roosevelt’s personal envoy to Pope Pius XII during World War II. Pope Benedict XVI did so on 19 December 2009, simultaneously making the same declaration in regard to Pope John Paul II. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. During the years leading up to WWII, what was the Vatican's reaction to the rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany? Born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli, Pope Pius XII (00:42) served as Pope of the Catholic Church from 1939 until his death in 1958. Read it, use it, and then you decide. Pope Pius XII’s legacy as a “righteous gentile,” who rescued so many Jews from Hitler’s death camps cannot and should not be forgotten. 10/31/2010 (IT) Documentary 3h 33m User Score. In Vatican City, a neutral state within the borders of Rome, Pope Pius XII is struggling to save the city from hunger and destruction. If you have been troubled by the lack of concrete information on the truth of the war time Pope, then here is the book you have heard about and have been waiting for! One Pope, Pius XII served through the second world war, walking a line between the expectations of world leaders and the Catholic congregation. Take a fresh look at a topic that has sparked controversy for decades. Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Pacelli (Pope Pius XII), was born in Rome on March 2, 1876, son of Virginia Graziosi and Filippo Pacelli. Richard Hewes. The film ultimately doesn’t say. Pope Pius XII. Is Pius XII a saint or a sinner? Clemente Lisi is a senior editor and regular contributor to Religion Unplugged. His name was Eugenio Pacelli—reigning as Pope Pius XII—and he was either one of the greatest disasters to sit on the throne of St. Peter, or one of the greatest men to live in the 20th century. But first, the background to this story. After the war began, how did the pope respond to the horrors of the Holocaust? The last few months have given us the fact-challenged Netflix movie The Two Popes and the sin-filled HBO series The New Pope. An image of Pope Pius XII is seen on a poster for the documentary "Holy Silence." Unused / unissued material -Rome, Italy.A retrospective story made of library material providing flashbacks of the life of Pope Pius XII - Eugenio Pacelli. Pope Pius XII's cause of canonization was opened on 18 November 1965 by Pope Paul VI during the final session of the Second Vatican Council. Pope Pius XII guided the Catholic Church through two tumultuous decades, firmly establishing himself as a champion of peace, and the moral voice of a world torn apart by war. Top Billed Cast. By creating an account, you acknowledge that PBS may share your information with our member stations and our respective service providers, and that you have read and understand the Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. The documentary looks at the papacy of Pius XI and his successor Pius XII and whether the actions of these men could have done anything to stop the deportation and murder of six million Jews. In Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust, well-informed scholars--including Michael Marrus, Michael Phayer, Richard L. Rubenstein and Susan Zuccotti--wrestle with these questions. In January this year, the Miami Jewish Film Festival premiered a documentary entitled “Holy Silence” that also questioned whether Pius XII did … Rome, 1943. Myron Taylor visits the Vatican to persuade Pope Pius XII to speak against Nazi Germany. Pope Francis has fast-tracked the opening of the Pius XII archives in order to help clear up the debate over the war-time pope, whose process for sainthood has been temporarily halted. In 1986, John Paul II visited the Rome synagogue. PBS is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Sort by Popularity - Most Popular Movies and TV Shows tagged with keyword "pope-pius-xii" Refine See titles to watch instantly, titles you haven't rated, etc. The archive may shed more light on all this, especially as the Vatican considered Pius XII for canonization to sainthood. Eugenio Pacelli, Vatican secretary of state prior to becoming Pope Pius XII, met with Joseph Kennedy (left) and other U.S. officials during a 1936 visit to America. (REVIEW) Popes are in these days. The rise of anti-Semitism around the world in recent years and the upcoming opening of the Vatican archive make Holy Silence timely in a way producer/director/writer Steven Pressman could have never imagined when he embarked on this project. In January this year, the Miami Jewish Film Festival premiered a documentary entitled "Holy Silence" that also questioned whether Pius XII did … The film serves as a wonderful primer before the public can learn more about the historical background to the events of that time, which included the Nazi takeover of much of Europe, the … What happened that day—and what Pope Pius XII’s role was in its harrowing events—has been written about, and debated, for decades. That was the charge made by a German historian Hubert Wolf, who is also a priest, and a team of scholars he assembled to study the recently opened archives of the church leader. Indeed, the 72-minute film indicates that the jury is still out on whether Pius XII warned Jews of deportation to concentration camps once the Nazi’s took over Italy in 1943 or whether he ordered churches and other Catholic institutions to shelter Jews. We can remove the first show in the list to add this one. Rabbi Dalin uses good source material to cite Pope Pius XII remarks regarding race and religious hatred written in the 1920s and early 1930s before Pope Pius XII became Pope. Pope Francis, the current Pope, has stated that there has been “some prejudice and exaggeration” in the historical and public debate surrounding Pius XII’s legacy. Pope Francis has fast-tracked the opening of the Pius XII archives in order to help clear up the debate over the war-time pope, whose process for sainthood has been temporarily halted. Pius’s critics predictably dismissed the claim as “most unlikely” or the work of someone trying to build a "mysterious aura" for himself in his later years. A portrait of Pope Pius XII. In a generation affected by wars and discords, he upheld the highest ideals of peace and compassion. During his 80-minute-long speech, he had the delicacy not to name Pacelli explicitly and recalled the suffering of Rome’s Jews, but ignored the public silence of Pius XII when they were sent to Auschwitz. Pius XI died in 1938 and Pacelli was made pope. Pope Francis has fast-tracked the opening of the Pius XII archives in order to help clear up the debate over the war-time pope, whose process for sainthood has been temporarily halted. Pope Pius XII was praised by world leaders following WW2 but his reputation deteriorated after his death in 1958. In telling that story, "Holy Silence" focuses on American officials — from a humble New England priest to the president of the United States — who were working behind the scenes to influence the Vatican's actions during that dark period in modern history. This is some of the geo-political intrigue the film, with help from interviews from historians and interspersed with TV and radio reports of the time, that sheds light on the future actions of the Vatican and Pius XII. Pope Pius XII. It had been back in 1929 that the Vatican and Mussolini worked out a treaty that established the Holy See as a sovereign city-state. Subsequently Jewish leaders and rabbis begged the Vatican to “silence the bishops” or no Jews would be left to rescue. The film serves as a wonderful primer before the public can learn more about the historical background to the events of that time, which included the Nazi takeover of much of Europe, the Holocaust and World War II. It also reveals how Catholics in Europe and the United States were split on whether to sympathize or not with the Third Reich. In the years immediately following the war, Pius XII … Featuring interviews with world renowned Holocaust historian Sir Martin Gilbert; the Jesuit historian and postulator Fr. Nonetheless, much of what transpired — in regards to documents made available and witness recollection — remain largely a mystery and actions open to interpretation. Pius XII established the Vatican Information Service to help refugees and instructed the Church to provide discreet aid to the Jews, thereby saving many lives. Wrap it up tightly with cellophane tape. Topics Stock Footage, High Definition. Rolf Hochhuth in 2017. In the Words of Pope Pius XII By Tony Odarg on December 19, 2020. Decreeing that the majority required for the election of a new pope was to be two-thirds plus one. Perhaps the most curious thing about the man, however, is exactly this bifurcation, for there seems no third option, no middle ground for us to choose. In May 2007, the congregation recommended that Pius XII should be declared Venerable. This documentary tells the story about one of the biggest controversies of the twentieth century: the Vatican versus Nazi cruelties. The Representative, a controversial 1963 play, was one of the first portrayals of Pope Pius XXII as failing to take action to help Jews across Europe. Pacelli chose to stay silent. Pope Pius XII, who led the Catholic Church from 1939 to 1958, has long been criticized for his public silence during the Holocaust. It is especially important that we never forget so that the atrocities of the past are never repeated. Anti-Semitism was rampant among some Catholics at the time, something the church would address decades later through the reforms of the Second Vatican Council and the papacy of the Polish-born John Paul II. Before that, some Jews living in Rome had praised the Vatican. During the Second World War, Pope Pius XII maintained links to the German resistance to Nazism against Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime. Pope Pius XII insisted that the Vatican remain neutral throughout World War II and pleaded with the Allies not to bomb Rome. Apostolic Constitution: 1945.12.08: Orientales omnes Ecclesias / All the Eastern Churches On the 350th anniversary of the reunion of the Ruthenian Church with the Apostolic See. Historians interviewed on camera argue that Pius XII wasn’t convinced the Allies would win the war, choosing instead to stay silent despite the insistence of the United States, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt, to have the pope use his moral authority to publicly rebuke fascism. Pope Pius XII and World War II The Documented Truth: A Compilation of International Evidence Revealing the Wartime Acts of the Vatican Compiled and Edited By Gary L. Krupp. It is this film’s timing, and extraordinary research and magnificent storytelling, that make it a must-see for lovers of history, Jews and especially Catholics. Rome, 1943. Are Catholics Morally Obliged to Vote? Still, with his new film “Holy Silence,” it’s hard not to ponder how different things might have been for Europe’s Jews if not for a few twists of fate. Religion Unplugged56 BroadwayNew York, NY 10004, Religion Unplugged is a product of The Media ProjectEIN: 83-046145, antisemitism, Jewish history, Auschwitz, 75 years holocaust, Holocaust, WWII, Ewelina U. Ochab, Anti-Semitism, Judaism, anti-semitism, religious freedom, free exercise, religious school, Supreme Court, SCOTUS, Catholic schools, Justice Roberts, Emilie Kao, Secular, anti-Catholic, Christianity, before the scheduled release of the Vatican Apostolic Archives regarding the pontificate of Pius XII, since Monday marked the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, the Second Vatican Council and the papacy of the Polish-born John Paul II, rise of anti-Semitism around the world in recent years. As a documentary filmmaker, Steven Pressman avoids asking historians “what-if” questions, since they prefer dealing with known facts. Watch with Prime. During the years leading up to World War II, what was the Vatican's reaction to the rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany? Audio languages. Regarding Pope Pius XII and his supposed “silence”: The archbishop of Holland spoke out against the Gestapo’s roundup of the Jews and in retaliation the Germans killed 83% of Dutch Jews not married to non-Jews. Subtitles. In an allocation to the College of Cardinals in 1946, the last Pope, Pius XII, spoke on the Catholic teaching regarding the obligation of voting. In telling that story, "Holy Silence" focuses on American officials who worked behind the scenes to influence the Vatican's actions. When Pope Pius XII died on 9 October 1958, Golda Meir, then Israeli delegate to the United Nations, sent official condolences: “We share in the grief of humanity at the passing away of His Holiness, Pope Pius XII. The documentary looks at the papacy of Pius XI and his successor Pius XII and whether the actions of these men could have done anything to stop the deportation and murder of six million Jews. Director. A new documentary, out this month, tries to come to terms with the cost of Pope Pius XII’s silence during World War II. The book has four main themes: (1) Pope Pius XII must be understood in his particular historical context. Nor should the fact that the Jewish community, and so many of its leaders, praised the Pope’s efforts during and after the Holocaust, and promised never to forget. When Pope Benedict XVI opened the archives relating to Pius XI, in 2006, “work was already underway for the progressive preparation of the documentary material of Pius XII… This informant told me what was revealed to him/her, either directly or indirectly, by the man who was the personal secretary to Pope Pius XII, the American priest, Fr. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/pope-pius-xii-8275.php Pope Pius XII, 1951. You have a perfectly exploding corpse. Pope Pius XII was born on March 2, 1876 in Rome, Lazio, Italy as Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli. Christian Duguay. Share this video on FacebookShare this video on Twitter. Pius XII feared the bombing of Vatican City, a place that was ultimately spared by the Germans who had occupied Italy by 1943. Ambition knows no bounds, nor does corruption in a political thriller. The city is occupied by the Nazis. Throughout the 1930s, Pacelli, a Vatican envoy to Germany, became a virulent anti-Communist in those years. A Hand of Peace: Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust is an important contribution to the robust and timely debate that has arisen surrounding Pius’s wartime record. https://blogs.timesofisrael.com/pope-pius-xii-and-the-holocaust-2 Allies not to upset the Nazis See as a sovereign city-state the Jesuit historian and postulator.... Nazi collaboration and was called Hitlers Pope XII during World War, Pope Pius XII Hitler. Who worked behind the scenes to influence the Vatican remain neutral throughout World War.... Of Pope Pius XII in 1958 a newspaper headline announced the Nazi period: Pope Pius “. 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